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EUROPEAN WAR DEVELOPMENTS. M on one. That the great battle between the Austro-Gcr I I mau and Russian armies in Russian Poland has de become of prime moment, eclipsing in importance lJ and intensity the struggle in France and Belgium. M is the consensus of opinion of military men of all ol of the belligerent powers. Germany for the time w being has turned her greatest efforts against the Russians. AVith the advance on Warsaw halted L and with the Russian forces again advancing and cj threatening to cut off the German invading forces. -j-, the kaiser lias called large liodies of lirst line rt, troops from tlie western theater of war. For several j,, In days dispatches from Holland have reported heavy lo , movements of troops from Belgium. Dispatches ta from Berlin intimate that Emperor William has a a turned his attention almost entirely to the Russian ti situation and has gone to the headquarters of jc Field Marshal von Hindenburg on the eastern fron- 0I tier. Official communications from Petrograd and Berlin make no claims of any marked success. These reports indicate that the fighting continues jM brisklv and that both combatants have won minor be " local "successes. Petrograd reports the Germans in j11 retreat, fighting desperately and losing enormously. Berlin asserts that the Russian advance has been " checked by German counter attacks and that the j all his time is ripe for a resumption of active operations against the Russians which temporarily were bin- l tiered- by the advance of Russian reinforcements, y It is added that further south the Austrians are u co-operating with the Germans. Petrograd advices say that lirst line German troops are now opposing jt a portion of the Russian army in Poland.. Tlie ar- c rival of German reinforcements and tlie strengthen- oi on ing of the corps of mere youths, and second and .v third line troops by the lirst lighting forces, is f hold to be responsible for the delay in settling the ci issue In Poland. It is admitted that the German a forces are putting up a desperate resistance iu the a: vicinity of Lodz. The Germans fought their way out of the vise in which they were caught south of Lodz at the point of tlie bayonet in the face of j1 is terrific machine gun and ride tire. Jjj The following oilicial communication was issued t from Russian general headquarters: "Stubborn on- ni gagements continue in the direction of Lowicz. An j,, attempt by the Germans to advance in the region of Bzeszow has been repulsed with groat losses to the Germans. The Russian troops, after a light lasting ten days, captured on Nov. 2S the Austrian ni position which protected the passes iu the Car- n pathians, extending about thirty-three miles from :h Koueezna, which is situated north of Bartfeld. as u .far as Sczuko, situated south of Mezo Laborcz. The Russians in this" district captured cannons, machine -guns, and manv prisoners. During the lirst half of November we captured in all 50,000 Austro-Hun-garian soldiers and 000 officers. In East Prussia minor engagements continue." Berlin advices are to tlie effect that latest re- ports from Poland show that the Germans have resumed the execution of their plan to encompass the Russian right flank and force it back on the center, while cutting off its communication with Warsaw. The carrying out of this plan, widen began with the Russian defeat at Lipno and Ploek. a was hindered later by the arrival of Russian rein- forcenients and the Germans for the moment were -thrown on the defensive. Now, after repulsing a number of attacks they appear to be moving for- ; ward toward Lowicz. The German movements in this region have not been hindered in the last fe-.v days. l The French official communication given out in i Paris savs that Monday the enemy showed consider- j able nctivitv north of Arras. In Belgium there was j a livelv exchange of artillery, but no infantry at- j 1 tack. The text of the communication follows: "Pi j Belgium there was a spirited artillery lire during th" tlav of Nov. 30, lint no attack was made by the German infantry. The enemy continued to show considerable activity north of Arras. In the region j of the Aisne there was intermittent artillery lire along ail the front. In the Ar.gonne the fighting continues, but without bringing any change in the situation. In the Woevre district and iu the Vosges i there is nothing to report." ti A Christiania dispatch says that England has de- r mantled from Norway, for use as a naval base, the i city and harbor of Christiansand, on the southern i coast of Norway, such use to continue only during the war. This demand has been refused by the Norwegian government, and preparations are being made to defend its neutrality. Troops have been . sent to Christiansand from all parts of Norway, and the defenses of the city are being strengthened. The following official announcement was given out iu Berlin: "In northern Poland, south of tlie Vistula, our war booty was increased still further 1 as a result of the successes announced Monday. The 1 number of prisoners taken by us has been increased 1 by aliout 0,300 men and we have taken nineteen more cannon. In addition, twenty-six machine guns 1 and numerous ammunition carts fell into our hands. 1 .1 The monarclis of three -of the great Euuuopeari j powers are now at the front. Emperor William lias i arrived at Insterburg, East Prussia, close to the scene of heavy lighting during tlie last, few days, with the invading Russians. Emperor Nicholas parted from Petrograd yesterday for the scene of f action. King George is making his lirst visit to , the battle line in Franco. . a "A Copenhagen dispatch says that tlie German fleet is becoming mora active in the Baltic. Scandi- 1 navian and Russian dispatches indicate preparations Tor striking a blow at Russian ports. There is a . great concentration of the lleet and German transport steamers along the Baltic coast and a with- drawal of warships from Kiel to strengthen the Baltic squadron. Maj. Stcdman writes from Calais to the London i Times that a typhoid epidemic is threatened in Bel-; gium and that if it is left to develop it will quickly sweep the remaining Belgian troops from the field ; and will carry with it a large part of the civil : population of west Flanders and northeast France. ; Twenty to thirty cases are arriving at Calais daily. Violent fighting was in progress yesterday along the Yser canal, according to a telegram from Sluls. The roaring of heavy guns was heard all day and houses as far away as Sluis were shaken. Inhabitants of ail villages .within one hours march of the ,- Yser battle front have been sent away. The Danish steamer "Mary of Ebsjerg was sunk by . j a mine in the North sea Sunday. Its creiy of four- 1 teen took to two boats, one of which was picked up 3 5 by the steamer Juno and lauded at Grinisbs. The other boat, containing the Marys chief officer and r six men, is missing. : President Wilson said that, as far as he knew. 7 !. Henry Van Dyke, minister to the Netherlands, who will "call at the white house today, does not bring anv peace message from the queen of Holland. He 1 added he. did not believe Mr. Van Dykes visit bad special significance. Lemberg reports that the energetic Russian ad- vance is persistently pushing back the Austrians into Cracow. Information reaching Lemberg is to the effect that the Austrians are evacuating position after position, with large losses. Official reports have been received at Pretoria of successful skirmishes with rebels at Edenville and Bothaville. Several of the rebels were killed anil 127 were captured. Large numbers have stir-- rendered. The Petrograd correspondent of the London Post says 150 naval guns have recently been sent to Danzig for the two dreadnoughts, two dreadnougnt s cruisers and other warships under construction there. A dispatch from" the north of France says that King George arrived there Monday after an ex-treinelv rough nassage. The king was received by the prince of Wales and paid a visit to tlie hospitals. It is reported that eight additional railway tracks have been laid between Berlin and Cologne. Tin - enormous capacity of this system renders it the most wonderful strategical railway in the world. . The Swedish steamer Fridland. which sailed from New York Oct. 2S for Copenhagen and arrived at Kirkwall. Scotland, Nov. 10, has been taken into , Shields as a prize. Telegraphing from Amsterdam, the correspondent or the Central News says the German foice before ; Dixmude has begun a general retirement. Count von Moltke, says a Berlin dispatch, has recovered his health and is returning to the front. M on one. I I de lJ M ol of w L cj -j-, rt, j,, In lo ta a a ti jc 0I jM be " j11 " all j his l y u jt c oi on .v f ci a a: j1 is Jjj t ni j,, ni n :h u Mexico ancT not to take personal revenge on any I promise that order will be restored at once. am acting as tlie subordinate of Provisional President Gutierrez and the national convention. The provisional president is now the supreme power in Mexico and I am merely acting as field commander the armies. All foreigners and foreign property will be protected." A telegram from Genernl Villas first secretary. Lnis Aguiwre Bonavides, at Tula, said: "Tonight the city of Pachuca, where Gen. Pablo Gonzales, Jacinto, Trevino and other Constitutionalist chiefs, with their respective brigades, had taken refuge, was taken. the assault no more than three brigades of our forces, forming the vanguard, took part. They obtained as trophies of war all the Carranza trains, large number of cannon and automobiles and articles which had been looted from the city of Mexico. A large quantity of provisions also was abandoned." Pachuca is the capital of Hidalgo state. Bear-Admiral Alfred T. Mahan, retired, naval expert, died at Washington yesterday. Burial will at Quogue, L. I., the admirals old home. Admiral Mahan was born at West Point. N. Y., September 27, 1S40, and was graduated from the Annapolis naval academy in 1S59. He rose through the grades up to captain and was retired at own request in 1S9G as a rear admiral. lie served in the navy forty years, was a member of Congress- for one term and wrote many authoritative books on naval subjects. With the possible exception of the Astor estate, John G. Wendell, who has just died of paralysis in California, was reputed to own more real estate Broadway, New York, than any other person. Air. Wendell inherited the property. The Wendell fortune, estimated at upwards of 0,000,000, accrued from investments in New Yorks real estate, and it was one or Wendells policies never to sell any land. President Wilson went over his forthcoming annual address to congress, with the cabinet yesterday. It short and deals with the legislative program, already known in general terms the conservation bills, the bill for a government owned merchant marine, the Phillippine bill anil the regular appropriation-measures. It does not urge the immigration bill. Efforts to find the floating object resembling a mine which Captain Davies ot the steamship Etonian reported having passed west of Fire island light .have thus far been fruitless. It was pointed out in marine circles that a whistling buov, if battered by the waves, would resemble the object sfen by the officers of the Etonian. A majority of the Supreme court joined In an opinion that the Oklahoma "Jim Crow" law nrovlsfi permitting railroads to furnish sleeping, dlnilig and chair car accommodations only to the white race was unconstitutional, but they did not so decree because of imperfections In the petition. Dispatches from Berlin by way of Amsterdam say that the export and re-export from Germany of rubber, firewood, metal, photographic lenses, certain kinds of phosphates, glass for snow spectacles, sentralite and soda are forbidden. The national assembly of Panama has ratified the new Panama Canal zone boundary line. This gives the United States control of the harbors of Colon anil Ancon, as well as many other valuable concessions in relation to the canal. Ambassador Jusserand of France has lodged an informal protest with the treasury department against the new regulations for invoices arid declarations of exporters shipping goods to the United States. flto- Final tabulation of official returns shows that the. bill to abolish capital punishment in Oregon has been carried by a majority of 157. . The affirmative vote on the measure was 100,552, negative 100,395. In seventeen states of tlie union and one province of Canada. Ill persons were killed and 102 persons more or less seriously wounded in hunting accidents during the season of 1914. A trade balance of approximately 0,000,000 In favor of the United Slates will be shown by the November export figures, according to an estimate by Secretary Retinoid. Lucius Tut tie, former president of the Boston and Maine railroad, died at his home iii Boston. Death was due to angina pectoris. He was born at Hartford, Conn., in 1S4G. Prospects for modification in the near future of the Australian embargo on wool exports so a-! to permit shininents to the United States are said to l:o bright. A Tokio dispatch reports a serious mine disaster on Hokkaido, the northernmost of the main islands of Japan. It is reported that 4.T7 miners are dead. Parcel post business has been resumed with Austria-Hungary anil Germany, the postoffice department at Washington announced. J. Borden Ilarriman, retired New York banker, died yesterday after an illness of several months. He was eighty years old.