Foundation Heads of Thoroughbred: Origin of the All Pervading Lines of Breeding through Eclipse, Herod and Matchem, Daily Racing Form, 1919-08-22


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FOUNDATION HEADS 0FTH0R0UGHBRED Origin, of the All Pervading Lines of Breeding Through Eclipse, Herod and Matchem. ni Every thoroughbred now in the world belongs to u one of three great lines founded respectively by tl the Darley Arabian, Bycrly Turk and Godolphin ai Arabian. These lines are not known by the names of these foundation horses, but by the names of their close up descendants Eclipse, Herod and V Matchem. These were all extraordinarily prepotent sires and in the course of time theirs have absorbed all other lines of breeding that were in being in their times. All were nlso great race horses, Eclipse in particular. He was never beaten and of the three lines his is predominant at this day. Eclipse was bred by the Duke of Cumberland, as also was Herod. He was foaled in 1704 and was given Ids name because of a total eclipse of the sun on the day of his birth. lie was not raced until five years old. He was an invincible, and nothing ever got near him in his races. Sent into stud service in 1771, his progeny in twenty-three years won 90,235, an enormous aggregate for that time. Ho was twenty-three years old when he died February 20, 17S7. He was a bright chestnut in color and from every point of consideration -was a marvelous creature. His pedigree was as follows: f"rlcy Arabian rBartIetts C1,iIdcrs"-Bctty Lccdcs f Squirt... Sister to Old "Listers Snake L Country Wench Clumsy Sister t "J 1 55 r .f Hut tons or 1- r -Huttoiis J MulsoBayTurk H Blacklegs.. Daughter of w Tho Ruby J L Coneyskins L Mare.i.1 pay BoKon T-S .Daughter of.-j Daughter of h g v Fox Club 3fi f. H -Godolphin J Arabian.... . r,j fRegulus.. 5 - . . f Bald Galloway m Grey Robin- J m son i Sister to Old y IS L Country Wench t1 3 I fListers Snako O f Smi-tIls S,0n 1 Daughter of of k110-- Mother L Akaster Turk West- I ern.... fLord DArcys It, r J Old Montague of. , Daughter DangUter 0f Hautboy nerod was a bay horse and was six years older than Eclipse, having been foaled in 1758. He -was himself a superior race horse. He won his first five races, three of which were matches for 1,000 guineas a side. He was sent to the stud in 1770 and for a time outbred even the great Eclipse and, in the course of nineteen years his progeny won 1,007,525 in money, seven cups and forty-three hogsheads of claret. They believed in "something on the side" in those days. He died in 17S0, the same year that his grandson, Diomed, won the first Epsom Derby. This Diomed was brought to this country and founded a great family, of which the perfect flower was Lexington. Through Diomed and the other famous Herod horse Glencoe, there is more Herod blood in the United States than in England. Herods ancestry was: SIrR. fByerlys Turk f Mostyns -s Daughter of -Crofts J Jigg L Spanker J."f t 1 rCurwcns Bay . ner"" i ! Sister to J Barb Mixbury. Daughter of 2 1 Curwen Spot r 1 B f Clumsy fFox I Bay Peg Ueliora. . , Old Snail lAintm-iid Milkmaid.. "I Di"Ber of Cir-! ; - wen.s Galloway . B-3- -Darley Arabian 0, -Flying J -J Childcrs... luetty Lecdes H. f Blaze.... J 4 "Grey Grantham I Confederate J Dghter of Kut- S filly 1 lands Black Barb w . - r Bethels j-v Arabian.... Salome. . , , I -Grahams I t-. i J Champion Uaughtcrof.. DaUghtcr of DarleyArabian Matchem, the third of the great fountain heads e of breeding, was the elder of the trio, having been foaled in 17IS. As was the fashion then, he was 1 not raced until he was five years old. He won six great races, such as were run at that time, and was not beaten until ho was seven years old. He went into the stud in 1759 at a fee of five guineas, which was increased to ten in 17G5, twenty in 1770 and fifty in 1775. His line today is the weak- est of the three, but is reviving in England. In s this country it is best represented by Dick Welles d and his brother, Dick Finnell. His pedigree was: r...:. fGoilol- J it phin "S r Arabian J d v. ? .: " f fSt. Victor Barb : rBaldGal- J- J M lowas iGrey Whynot g K Utoxana.. fAncastcr Turk : . i-,a Sister to J " wj L c"a,lutcr--cream Checks u ii? Si . f-Byerly Turk no 10 S3 fSir Mostyns J Daughter of m og Jigg Spanker is r - f Crofts 4 , i s Partner Curwen Bay f 1,1 2 v Ulster to J ""Ii Mixbury...VHV,c.Iltvfr ,of p, -u Old Spot " S "Oglethorpes !l a g Makeless.... A Arabian the ie S Brown J 5 Fare- i rBrimnier v well... J I-Daughter of 3f of.. Trumpets dam id

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